Public Health Officer

Public Health Officers play a vital role in safeguarding communities and promoting healthy living. These dedicated professionals work to prevent the spread of disease, improve environmental health, and educate the public on healthy practices. With their expertise and tireless efforts, Public Health Officers help to ensure that our communities remain healthy and thriving. They are the backbone of public health, working behind the scenes to protect and promote the well-being of all.


What is the Average Annual Salary of 'Public Health Officer'?


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Public Health Officers, also known as Public Health Directors or Health Services Administrators, play a vital role in promoting and maintaining the health of communities. They are responsible for developing, implementing and evaluating programs and policies aimed at improving public health. One of the most well-known examples of the impact of Public Health Officers was during the 1900s when Dr. John Snow helped to identify the source of a cholera outbreak in London by mapping cases and finding that the disease was spreading from a contaminated water pump.

Also known as

  • Public Health Director
  • Health Services Administrator
  • Health Officer
  • Environmental Health Officer
Your eyes blink around 20 times a minute. That’s over ten million times a year!

Typical Job Responsibilities

  • Developing, implementing and evaluating public health programs and policies
  • Conducting research to understand the health needs of communities
  • Collaborating with other health organizations to plan and deliver health services
  • Supervising and managing public health staff
  • Educating the public about health issues and how to maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Monitoring and reporting on public health trends and disease outbreaks
  • Ensuring the compliance of public health policies and procedures with regulations and laws.

Standard Work Environment

Public Health Officers usually work in a fast-paced and dynamic environment. They may be based in various settings, including local, state, and federal government agencies, non-profit organizations, and private healthcare organizations. They may also be required to travel to various communities to conduct research, attend meetings, and provide public health education.

Work Schedule

Public Health Officers typically work full-time, with standard office hours. However, they may also be required to work evenings, weekends and holidays, particularly during emergency situations or public health crises.


  • Local, state and federal government agencies
  • Non-profit organizations
  • Private healthcare organizations
  • Public health consulting firms

Unions / Professional Organizations

  • American Public Health Association (APHA)
  • National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO)
  • National Association of Local Board of Health (NALBOH)

Workplace Challenges

  • Balancing the needs and interests of different stakeholders
  • Maintaining public trust and transparency
  • Managing limited budgets and resources
  • Dealing with rapidly changing public health issues and emerging diseases
  • Staying up-to-date with the latest public health research and technology

Projected Career Map

Public Health Officers typically start their careers as entry-level public health staff and may progress to management positions with increased responsibility and leadership roles. With experience and additional education, they may also move into executive-level positions in government, non-profit organizations, or private healthcare organizations.

Job Prospects

The demand for Public Health Officers is expected to grow, particularly as the population ages and the need for effective public health programs increases. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of Healthcare Administrators, which includes Public Health Officers, is projected to grow 17% from 2020 to 2030,  which is significantly higher than the 8% projected job growth for all occupations. 

Beneficial Professional Development

Public Health Officers can benefit from continuing education and professional development opportunities, such as attending conferences and workshops, obtaining additional certifications, and pursuing advanced degrees in public health or related fields. 


Public Health Officers play a critical role in improving the health of communities and are essential to maintaining a healthy and safe society. They face a variety of challenges, but with dedication, hard work, and a commitment to ongoing professional development, Public Health Officers can make a positive impact on the health of communities for years to come.

Advice from the Wise

Public health is not just about treating the sick; it’s about preventing people from getting sick in the first place.

Holland Codes, people in this career generally possess the following traits













United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals that this career profile addresses

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